Property Owners' Associations (also known as Homeowner Owners' Associations or HOAs) are not allowed to include or enforce provisions within their regulations, covenants, or by-laws that prohibit or restrict homeowners from installing a solar energy device. While in theory this law protects homeowners' right to go solar, there are several caveats and exceptions that allow HOAs to maintain authority to include and enforce provisions that could prohibit and/or regulate the solar energy devices in certain situations.
The Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board is established to encourage and oversee soil-conserving land-use practices, and to provide for the conservation of soil and related resources and the control and prevention of soil erosion, and thereby to preserve natural resources, control floods, prevent impairment of dams and reservoirs, assist in maintaining the navigability of rivers and harbors, preserve wildlife, protect the tax base, protect public lands, and public health and welfare.
Sharyland Utilities offers the Residential and "Hard-to-Reach" Standard Offer Programs, which encourage residential customers to pursue energy saving measures and equipment upgrades in their homes. "Hard-to-Reach" incentives are higher than the standard residential incentives, and are available to customers with total household income levels less than or equal to 200% of the current federal poverty guidelines.
Sharyland Utilities offers its Commercial Standard Offer Program to encourage business customers of all sizes to pursue energy efficiency measures in their facilities. Incentives are paid directly to energy efficiency service providers, also referred to as project sponsors, based on the energy savings achieved by implemented measures. Sharyland Utilities employs three different methods to determine energy savings. The first method, Deemed Savings, calculates energy savings from accepted standard values for similar measures and building types.
The School Land Board oversees the use of land owned by the state or held in trust for use and benefit by the state or one of its departments, boards, or agencies. The Board is responsible for leasing such lands for the development of mineral interests, and can set prices, rules, terms, and conditions for such leases.
In 2003 San Antonio's municipal electric utility, City Public Service (CPS Energy) established a goal of meeting 15% of its electrical peak demand with renewable energy by 2020 under its Strategic Energy Plan. In June 2008 the utility announced plans to increase the overall renewables target to 20% by 2020 with at least 100 megawatts (MW) from non-wind renewable energy sources. As of November 2012, the utility had 11% of their peak electric demand derived from renewable energy sources, including 44 MW of solar electricity installed and another 100 MW of solar electricity under contract .
The Sabine River Compact Commission administers the Sabine River Compact to ensure that Texas receives its equitable share of quality water from the Sabine River and its tributaries as apportioned by the Compact. The Compact includes the states of Texas and Louisiana. In addition, the SRCC cooperates with Louisiana for programs to increase the quantity and improve the quality of water available to Texas.
This legislation authorizes the state's entrance into the Rio Grande Compact, a joint agreement between the states of Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. The compact is administered by the Rio Grande Compact Commission, which is composed of representatives from each member state. The Commission has the authority to regulate water use and diversion, as well as pollution prevention and mitigation, of the Rio Grande River.
In 1999 the Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUCT) adopted rules for the state's Renewable Energy Mandate, establishing a renewable portfolio standard (RPS), a renewable-energy credit (REC) trading program, and renewable-energy purchase requirements for competitive retailers in Texas. The 1999 standard called for 2,000 megawatts (MW) of new renewables to be installed in Texas by 2009, in addition to the 880 MW of existing renewables generation at the time.
The Renewable Energy Tax Incentive Program provides various tax exemptions to businesses that either use or manufacture or install solar or wind energy. They can receive franchise tax deductions and/or exemptions. There also exists a property tax exemption involving solar, wind, biomass, and anaerobic digestion for business installation or construction of such systems. The program is administered through the State Energy Conservation Office and is available to manufacturers, sellers, or installers, and for installations.